Title IXTitle IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
Any unwelcome sexual advance, unwelcome request for sexual favors, or other unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when:
- submission to or rejection of such conduct is made, either explicitly or implicitly, a term or condition of an individual’s employment, evaluation of academic work, or participation in any aspect of a college program or activity;
- submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for academic, employment, activity or program participation-related decisions affecting an individual; or
- such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work or academic performance, i.e., it is sufficiently severe or pervasive to create an intimidating, hostile, humiliating, demeaning or sexually offensive working, academic, residential or social environment.
Any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.
Non-consensual sexual contact or intercourse
Contact is any intentional sexual touching, however slight and with any object or body part, or exposure or disrobing of another, that is without consent (as defined below) and/or by force or coercion. This includes intentional contact with breasts, buttocks, groin, mouth or genitals, as well as any other intentional bodily contact that occurs in a sexual manner.
Intercourse is any sexual penetration or copulation, however slight and with any object or body part that is without consent and/or by force or coercion. Intercourse includes anal or vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger, and oral copulation (mouth and genital/anal contact), no matter how slight the penetration or contact.
Taking non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of an individual to benefit anyone other than the person being exploited. Examples include: invading privacy, video or audio recording of sexual acts without consent, knowingly transmitting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), sexually based stalking or bullying, or exposing one’s genitals.
Threatening to sexually assault another person; gender or sex-based stalking, including cyber-stalking; or engaging in indecent exposure.
Violence or threat of violence between individuals in a personal and private social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of the relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship
Violence committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner, by a person with whom a child is shared in common, by a person cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the individual as a spouse or intimate partner, by a person similarly situated to a spouse, or by any other person similarly situated to a spouse or any other person against an adult or youth protected from those acts by domestic or family violence laws of Maryland. Domestic violence includes threats or a pattern of abusive behavior of a physical or sexual nature by one partner intended to control, intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, frighten, coerce or injure the other
The repetitive and/or menacing pursuit, following, harassment, or other interference with the peace and/or safety of another person or that of their immediate family members, including cyber-stalking.
The college will take steps to protect students and employees from reprisal by the respondent.
Definition of consent
Relying solely on non-verbal communication often leads to misunderstandings about consent. For this reason and for the purposes of this policy, consent to sexual activity must be expressed in explicit words. For a sexual encounter to be consensual, each participant is expected to obtain or give verbal consent to each act of sexual activity. Consent to engage in one form of sexual activity does not constitute consent to engage in other forms of sexual activity, and either party may withdraw consent at any time. Incapacitation also constitutes lack of consent. If at any time during a sexual interaction any confusion or ambiguity should arise about consent, it is the responsibility of the person initiating the activity to stop and clarify the other’s willingness to continue. If at any time consent is withdrawn, the activity must stop immediately. Consumption of drugs or alcohol, in and of itself, does not relieve a party of responsibility to obtain ongoing consent.
In order for consent to be valid, all parties must be capable of making a rational, reasonable decision about the sexual act and must have a shared understanding of the nature of the act to which they are consenting.
Such protection will need to be appropriate to the individual’s circumstances. For students, this may include the opportunity to change an academic schedule of the complainant or respondent, drop a course, transfer to another section, complete the course independently, have a pass/fail option, have a third party grade the work, have another person assigned to write recommendations or references on behalf of the student, or have another person assigned as an advisor to the student.
How to report sexual misconductAnonymously
You may report sexual misconduct anonymously by contacting the Title IX Coordinator.
You may speak privately with the Title IX Coordinator, who will make every effort to protect the privacy of all individuals.
CCBC staff and faculty members are mandatory reporters of information related to sexual misconduct. When mandatory reporters become aware of information regarding sexual misconduct, they are required to share what they know with the Title IX Coordinator.
View a flowchart of CCBC's Sexual Misconduct Policy »
Filing a complaint
Notice to respondent
Report and recommendation
Distribution of report
No further appeal
Distribution of decision
In response to 34 CFR Part 106.45(b)(10) of the 2020 Title IX Regulations that mandates the public sharing of materials used to train school and college Title IX team members. Access CCBC's training materials »